Part 3 – Pocket configuration

This section will help you configure your instance of Pocket.

Create a Pocket wallet account

Pocket nodes are associated with a Pocket wallet account. This is the account that will be used to send and receive transactions from the node. You can either create a new account using the Pocket CLI we just installed, or you can use an existing account. For this guide, we’ll be creating a new account.

Creating an account

To create an account, run the following command:

pocket accounts create

You’ll be prompted to set a passphrase for the account. You can use any passphrase you like but for security reasons, it’s best to use a passphrase that is at least 12 characters long, preferably longer.

Listing accounts

After you’ve created the account you can use the pocket accounts list command to confirm that the account was added successfully.

pocket accounts list

Setting the validator address

Next, to set the account as the one the node will use, run the following command:

pocket accounts set-validator {YourAccountAddress}

Confirm the validator address

Finally, you can confirm that the validator address was set correctly by running the following command:

 pocket accounts get-validator

Create config.json

The Pocket core software uses a config file to store configuration details. By default the config file is located at ~/.pocket/config/config.json. In this step we’ll look at how to create a new config file.

To create a new config file:

  1. Run the following command, which will create the default config.json file, add the seeds, set port 8081 to 8082, and increase the RPC timeout value:

    echo $(pocket util print-configs) | jq '.tendermint_config.P2P.Seeds = "03b74fa3c68356bb40d58ecc10129479b159a145@seed1.mainnet.pokt.network:20656,64c91701ea98440bc3674fdb9a99311461cdfd6f@seed2.mainnet.pokt.network:21656,0057ee693f3ce332c4ffcb499ede024c586ae37b@seed3.mainnet.pokt.network:22856,9fd99b89947c6af57cd0269ad01ecb99960177cd@seed4.mainnet.pokt.network:23856,1243026603e9073507a3157bc4de99da74a078fc@seed5.mainnet.pokt.network:24856,6282b55feaff460bb35820363f1eb26237cf5ac3@seed6.mainnet.pokt.network:25856,3640ee055889befbc912dd7d3ed27d6791139395@seed7.mainnet.pokt.network:26856,1951cded4489bf51af56f3dbdd6df55c1a952b1a@seed8.mainnet.pokt.network:27856,a5f4a4cd88db9fd5def1574a0bffef3c6f354a76@seed9.mainnet.pokt.network:28856,d4039bd71d48def9f9f61f670c098b8956e52a08@seed10.mainnet.pokt.network:29856,5c133f07ed296bb9e21e3e42d5f26e0f7d2b2832@poktseed100.chainflow.io:26656"' | jq '.pocket_config.rpc_timeout = 15000' | jq '.pocket_config.rpc_port = "8082"' | jq '.pocket_config.remote_cli_url = "http://localhost:8082"' | jq . > ~/.pocket/config/config.json
    
    Warning
    This is a long command! Make sure you've copied it completely.
    
  2. Verify the config.json file setting by viewing the contents of the file:

    cat ~/.pocket/config/config.json
    

Create chains.json

Pocket nodes relay transactions to other blockchains. So, you’ll need to configure the chains your node can relay to. For this guide, we’ll just be setting up our node to relay to the Pocket mainnet blockchain, essentially through itself.

To maximize your rewards, you’ll want to relay to other chains. We’ll cover that in more detail later but here is a list of other blockchains you could relay to.

Generating a chains.json file with the CLI

You can use the Pocket CLI to generate a chains.json file for your node by running the following command:

pocket util generate-chains

This will prompt you for the following information:

  • Enter the ID of the Pocket network identifier:
    0001
    
  • Enter the URL of the network identifier. Use http://127.0.0.1:8081/ if you’re not running a validator node:
    http://127.0.0.1:8082/
    

When you’re prompted to add another chain, enter n for now.

Info

By default the chains.json file will be created in ~/.pocket/config. You can use the --datadir flag to create the chains.json file in an alternate location. For example: pocket util generate-chains --datadir "/mnt/data/.pocket".

Create genesis.json

Now that we have a chains.json file set up, so we can move on to test our node.

When you start a Pocket node for the first time, it will need to find other nodes (peers) to connect with. To do that we use a file named genesis.json with details about peers the node should connect to get on the network.

To create a JSON file with the genesis information:

  1. Change to the .pocket/config directory:
    cd ~/.pocket/config
    
  2. Use the following command to get the genesis.json file from GitHub:
    wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pokt-network/pocket-network-genesis/master/mainnet/genesis.json genesis.json
    

Set open file limits

Ubuntu and other UNIX-like systems have a ulimit shell command that’s used to set resource limits for users. One of the limits that can be set is the number of open files a user is allowed to have. Pocket nodes will have a lot of files open at times, so we’ll want to increase the default ulimit for the pocket user account.

Increasing the ulimit

  1. Before increasing the ulimit, you can check the current ulimit with the following command:
    ulimit -n
    
  2. Increase the ulimit to 16384. The -Sn option is for setting the soft limit on the number of open files:
    ulimit -Sn 16384
    
  3. Check the new ulimit to confirm that it was set correctly. The -n option is for getting the limit for just the number of open files:
    ulimit -n
    

Permanent settings

Using the above method for setting the ulimit only keeps the change in effect for the current session. To permanently set the ulimit, you can do the following:

  1. Open the /etc/security/limits.conf file.
    sudo nano /etc/security/limits.conf
    
  2. Add the following line to the bottom of the file:
    pocket           soft    nofile          16384
    
  3. Save the file with Ctrl+O and then Enter.
  4. Exit nano with Ctrl+X.

After permanently setting the ulimit, the next thing we’ll do is download a snapshot of the Pocket blockchain.

Download snapshot

Rather than synchronizing your Pocket node from block zero (which could take weeks), you can use a snapshot. A snapshot of the Pocket blockchain is taken every 12 hours and can be downloaded using the instructions on the Pocket Snapshots Repository README page.

Info

As of this writing, the snapshots are refreshed every 12 hours. In the GitHub repo you can look at when the README.md file was last updated to determine when the last snapshot was taken. It’s best to download the snapshot that is less than a few hours old.

Here are the steps for download the snapshot using the wget command:

  1. Change into the .pocket directory.
    cd ~/.pocket
    
  2. Make a directory named data and change into it.
    mkdir data && cd data
    
  3. Download the latest snapshot using the following command:
    wget -qO- https://snapshot.nodes.pokt.network/latest.tar.gz | tar xvfz -
    
  4. Make the pocket user the owner of the data directory.
    sudo chown -R pocket ~/.pocket/data
    
Warning

This process can take a few hours depending on your internet connection.

Configure systemd

Next, we’ll configure the Pocket service using systemd, a Linux service manager. This will enable the Pocket node to run and restart even when we’re not logged in.

Creating a systemd service in Linux

To setup a systemd service for Pocket, do the following:

  1. Open nano and create a new file called pocket.service:

    sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/pocket.service
    
  2. Add the following lines to the file:

    [Unit]
    Description=Pocket service
    After=network.target
    Wants=network-online.target systemd-networkd-wait-online.service
    
    [Service]
    User=pocket
    Group=sudo
    ExecStart=/home/pocket/go/bin/pocket start
    ExecStop=/home/pocket/go/bin/pocket stop
    
    [Install]
    WantedBy=default.target
    
  3. Make sure the User is set to the user that will run the Pocket service.

  4. Make sure the ExecStart and ExecStop paths are set to the path for the Pocket binary.

  5. Save the file with Ctrl+O and then return.

  6. Exit nano with Ctrl+X.

  7. Reload the service files to include the pocket service:

    sudo systemctl daemon-reload
    
  8. Start the pocket service:

    sudo systemctl start pocket.service
    
  9. Verify the service is running:

    sudo systemctl status pocket.service
    
  10. Stop the pocket service:

    sudo systemctl stop pocket.service
    
  11. Verify the service is stopped:

    sudo systemctl status pocket.service
    
  12. Set the service to start on boot:

    sudo systemctl enable pocket.service
    
  13. Verify the service is set to start on boot:

    sudo systemctl list-unit-files --type=service
    
  14. Start the pocket service:

    sudo systemctl start pocket.service
    

Other systemctl commands

  • To restart the service:

    sudo systemctl restart pocket.service
    
  • To prevent the service from starting on boot:

    sudo systemctl disable pocket.service
    
  • To see mounted volumes:

    sudo systemctl list-units --type=mount
    
    Info
    If your pocket data is on a separate partition, you can use the following command in the `pocket.service` file to mount it before the pocket service starts.
        ```
        After=network.target mnt-data.mount
        ```
    

    This ensures that the network is up and the volume is mounted before the pocket service starts.

Viewing the logs

To view the logs for the pocket service:

sudo journalctl -u pocket.service

To view just the last 100 lines of the logs (equivalent to the tail -f command):

sudo journalctl -u pocket.service -n 100 --no-pager

Finding Errors

You can use grep to find errors in the logs.

sudo journalctl -u pocket.service | grep -i error

Alright, we’re just about done. We just need to setup an HTTP proxy and we’ll be ready to go live. We’ll setup the proxy next.